COA stands for “Certificate of Analysis”. Its a document that provides information on the chemical composition of a particular batch of cannabis product. In the cannabis industry, COAs provide consumers and regulators with assurance that the product being consumed is safe, consistently produced, and meets quality standards.
Test Results Report
Jul 26, 2022
Analysis of major cannabinoids by advanced chromatography. Cannabinoids make up the Total Active Cannabinoids (or TAC) number you typically see on batch labels. See the Cannabinoids and Terpenoids section for greater detail on exactly which cannabinoids are present in this product and batch and how they map to some of the unique mental and physical effects for each cannabinoid.
- Foreign materials
The cannabis plant is an excellent bioremediator, soaking up a large majority of whatever the roots come in contact with. Using an Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer (ICP-MS), labs can quantify the amount of Arsenic (As), Cadmium (Cd), Mercury (Hg), and Lead (Pb), which can cause serious health problems if consumed even at very low levels.
Yeast, mold, and bacteria, including E. coli and Salmonella, are microbiological contaminants that may be found in cannabis. Inhaling even small amounts of microbiological contaminants may lead to infections, especially in patients with compromised immune systems. By utilizing validated Most Probable Number (MPN) methods and Enzyme Linked Fluorescent Assay (ELFA), labs can confirm microbiological contaminants for any product.
Solvents are used to separate cannabinoids and terpenes from the rest of the plant material during extraction. Following extraction, residual amounts of the solvents used may remain in the consumable product. Consuming products with high concentrations of residual solvents may be hazardous to a patient's health.
Analysis of terpenoids by G-C/MS. Terpenoids are responsible for the smell of cannabis and act upon receptors and neurotransmitters similar to antidepressants, can have anti-inflammatory properties, and more. See the Cannabinoids and Terpenoids section for greater detail on exactly which terpenoids are present in this product and batch and how they map to some of the unique mental and physical effects for each terpenoid.
- Water activity
- Chemical residue
- THCa 30.0568%
- CBGa 1.543%
THC, Δ9-THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, is the chemical compound in cannabis responsible for a euphoric high. THC has a wide range of short-term effects which may or may not be experienced depending on the individual. For example, while some may find that THC elicits strong feelings of calm and peace, others may notice an increase in their anxiety levels. The difference can be as simple as one’s own body chemistry, but certain strains and varying concentrations of THC can also create different outcomes in how one feels.
THCV, or tetrahydrocannabivarin, is a compound in cannabis that offers a unique array of effects and medical benefits. It is being studied for it's potential as an appetite suppressant, blood sugar regulation for diabetes, treatment of anxiety or panic attacks without suppressing emotion, Alzheimer’ tremors, motor control, and brain lesions, and since it appears to stimulate bone growth, THCV is being looked at for osteoporosis and other bone-related conditions.
CBG is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid, meaning it doesn’t produce the “highs” that are synonymous with THC. Because it is present in low levels (usually less than 1%) in most cannabis strains, CBG is considered a minor cannabinoid. CBG is thought to be particularly effective in treating glaucoma because it reduces intraocular pressure. It is a powerful vasodilator, has neuroprotective effects, can reduce inflammation, and have antibacterial properties.
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is typically the second-most abundant cannabinoid in cannabis, but this isn’t always the case. High-CBD strains tend to deliver very clear-headed, functional effects without the euphoric high associated with high-THC strains. They’re typically preferred by consumers who are extremely sensitive to the side effects of THC (e.g., anxiety, paranoia, dizziness). A high-CBD strain would also be a great choice for someone needing to medicate throughout the day to control pain, inflammation, anxiety, or other chronic conditions.
Cannabichromene, also known as CBC, was discovered over 50 years ago and is considered one of the “big six” cannabinoids prominent in medical research. It doesn’t get as much attention, but CBC’s benefits are extremely promising for anything from cancer, alzheimer's, general pain and inflammation, depression, and even acne.
- CBDa 0.0557%
- β-Caryophyllene 0.4764%
Limonene is a dominant terpene in strains with a pronounced Sativa effect. Limonene aids in the absorption of other terpenes through the skin and mucous membranes, and has been used to treat anxiety and depression.
- ɑ-Humulene 0.147%
Linalool has a floral scent reminiscent of spring flowers, but with spicy overtones. It possesses sedative properties and is an effective anxiety and stress reliever. It has also been used an analgesic and anti-epileptic.
- β-Pinene 0.0566%
- β-Myrcene 0.0549%
- ɑ-Pinene 0.0524%
- Trans Nerolidol 0.0194%
- ɑ-Bisabolol 0.0178%
Guaiol is an alcohol found in the oil of guaiacum and cypress pine. It possesses antimicrobial properties.
Camphene is found in essential oils extracted from certain trees. It has recently shown promise for pain relief and antioxidant effects.
- β-Ocimene 0.0084%
Terpinolene has been shown to exhibit antioxidant and anticancer effects in rodent brain cells. Studies with mice show that terpinolene has a sedative effect when inhaled.
- ɣ-Terpinene 0.0024%